What is it for?
The renal biopsy is a diagnostic test that helps to know what type of disease affects the functioning of the kidneys.
The diseases of the kidney that are evaluated with this test are the so-called nephrosis that causes lesions in both kidneys and that, often, in the beginning, they do not produce visible symptoms.
In general, these diseases are detected through the analysis of urine, in which blood usually appears in small quantities (microhaematuria) or proteins (proteinuria). Some blood parameters can also be altered, such as urea and creatinine, which can lead to a loss of the purifying capacity of the kidneys.
These anomalies suggest the existence of kidney disease, but they do not guide us about the type or the damage it has caused. Likewise, we cannot know what treatment should be established to stop or cure the disease.
With the result of the renal biopsy, nephrologists in Raipur can initiate an adequate treatment to improve or delay the disease. In other cases, it helps us to know the cause of kidney damage and the evolutionary prognosis of it.
How is a kidney biopsy performed?
The renal biopsy consists of the extraction of a fragment of tissue from a living organism with the aim of examining it later through the microscope with different stains and laboratory techniques.
The renal biopsy is performed by a needle puncture, in one of the kidneys, through the skin (percutaneous renal biopsy) (only in some exceptional cases requires a small surgical intervention that involves making a small incision in the area lumbar, under anesthesia, and get a small fragment when viewing the kidney).
In percutaneous renal biopsy, to select the most suitable area of the kidney, the needle is guided by ultrasound. To avoid pain, local anesthesia is administered. Before performing the puncture, the patient is asked to stop breathing for a few moments in order to avoid possible complications (your collaboration is very important at this time)
Once the test is done, you must remain in absolute rest, admitted to the hospital until the next day. After this period, if no complication has occurred, you are discharged.
Can there be complications?
In spite of all the previous precautionary measures, such as ensuring that coagulation is normal, some complications may occur in certain cases.
Among these, the most common are:
- Pain in the puncture site.
- Dizziness, which usually resolves spontaneously
- Bleeding from the urine to a greater or lesser degree. This is not a sign of alarm when it occurs in the first hours following the procedure
In exceptional cases:
Kidney bleeding may occur that requires the administration of sera and/or blood transfusion. In the case of not remitting the bleeding, it might be necessary to tamp a vessel (catheterization) or proceed to a surgical intervention due to renal hemorrhage.
What care should be observed after the renal biopsy?
After remaining in absolute bed rest for 24 hours, an ultrasound is performed to confirm the absence of renal complications.
At that time, the patient is discharged and can lead a completely normal life. The only recommendation is to avoid physical effort for a week.
It is also recommended that in the presence of fever, pain in the puncture site or presence of blood in the urine, urgently go to the hospital to contact your specialist. Nephrology in medicine is the study of the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment of any type of diseases that affects or are related to the kidneys. It is known to be a sub-speciality of internal medicine. A nephrologist is a doctor, who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that are related to the kidneys, which are essential organs of the body, responsible for effective fluid and electrolyte stability. A nephrologist is essentially trained to deal with various systemic disorders that affect the working of the kidneys, but their symptoms are not essentially limited to the kidneys only. Therefore, these conditions require special type of treatment and care. Some examples include autoimmune conditions like lupus and genetic conditions like polycystic kidney disease. A nephrologist essentially manages various kidney diseases, through the regulation of blood pressure, electrolyte and fluid balance in the body, while also administrating dialysis. The diagnosis of diseases that affect the kidneys generally involve a number of blood tests and urine tests, to determine the extent of the damage to the kidneys. On many occasions kidney biopsies are also conducted by nephrologists to diagnose and determine the root cause of the condition. Some common condition that nephrologists are known to treat are fluid and electrolyte related disorders, acid-base disorders, kidney stones, glomerular diseases, mineral metabolism, acute kidney diseases, acute renal failure, chronic kidney diseases, chronic renal failure and highly advanced renal diseases and related dialysis. Thus, they are well acquainted with relevant medicines and clinical management when it comes to such disorders. Nephrologists at Raipur not only offer effective diagnoses to your kidney related problems, but also ensure proper care and treatment, enlightening you with the best possible way to deal with the condition at Raipur. The best nephrologists in Raipur are listed above.
Medical personnel who specializes in diseases and disorders pertaining to the kidneys is a nephrologists. Nephrologists can be consulted by a patient who suffers from a chronic kidney disease. A nephrologist is trained to perform surgical and non surgical operations on a patient. A nephrologist provides the service of nephrological therapies for rehabilitation. The kidneys experience a higher blood flow than the brain or the heart.