Dialysis

Treat kidney failure with Dialysis

Dialysis is a treatment to help filter the blood by filtering waste and blood fluids so that people with kidney failure feel better and can lead a normal life. However, when thinking about dialysis, many people feel fear, and fear prevents them from learning about the procedure. In fact, many patients are surprised to discover how well dialysis works and how well they feel about the treatment.

If you have advanced kidney disease, it is important that you take the initiative and talk to your nephrologists in Raipur as soon as possible about the options. It takes a while to understand how dialysis is and get used to the idea of receiving this treatment. While dialysis does not cure kidney failure, it allows you to feel better and live longer.

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Haemodialysis:

In hemodialysis, the blood is filtered with an external machine. Usually, it is done three times a week in a dialysis center, although the patient can also do it at home. Each session usually lasts three to four hours.

Peritoneal dialysis:

Peritoneal dialysis sounds like something complicated, but in reality, it is very simple. In this type of dialysis, the lining of the abdomen, or belly, is used to filter the blood. This lining is called the peritoneal membrane and acts as an artificial kidney. During the treatment, a special liquid is placed in the abdomen that absorbs the waste products of the blood when it passes through the small blood vessels of the peritoneum. Then, the liquid is extracted along with the waste. Peritoneal dialysis is done in the patient's home. Many people choose to do this treatment at night, while they sleep.

Use this chart to compare both types of dialysis.

  Hemodialysis Peritoneal dialysis
Where is it done? Usually, at a dialysis centre, but it can be done at home At home, while you sleep or when you are awake
How often? Three times per weeks Everyday
Duration of each session 3-4 hours. It varies

Dr. Prawash Chowdhury, MBBS, MD, DNB (Nephrology) is one of the Best Kidney Specialist in Raipur, performs both dialysis on a patient as per the requirement.

Use this chart to compare both types of dialysis. Hemodialysis Peritoneal dialysis Where is it done? Usually, at a dialysis centre, but it can be done at home At home, while you sleep or when you are awake How often Three times per week Everyday Duration of each session 3-4 hours It varies

  • It filters the blood and extracts toxic substances from the body. Through the urine, the harmful elements are eliminated, as well as the water and the mineral salts in excess.
  • It maintains the internal balance in a constant way, which allows the correct functioning of all the cells of the body.
  • Manufactures substances that act like hormones that stimulate the production of red blood cells, regulate blood pressure and mineralize the skeleton.

In patients with advanced chronic renal failure, it is essential to establish a substitute treatment to recover the function of the kidney. In general, the first step is dialysis, but when the general condition of the patient is good and the advantages of the treatment surpass the risks involved in any surgical operation, it is indicated to practice a kidney transplant in Raipur.

For these people, the transplant supposes, on the one hand, an important improvement in the quality of life and autonomy, since they stop depending on the dialysis machine, and on the other, an increase in survival because they avoid many of the complications that appear with long-term dialysis.

Diseases that produce chronic kidney failure

Currently, hypertension and diabetes are the two most frequent causes of chronic renal failure that require substitution treatment, but there are also other health problems that affect the functioning of the kidney, such as immunological diseases, alterations of the arteries of the kidney, infections, abuse of analgesics, obstruction of the urinary tract or hereditary processes.

Prevention measures:

Although chronic renal failure can be treated with dialysis or with a transplant, it is best not to reach this situation. There are a series of prevention measures that can help prevent, or at least delay, the onset of the disease:

  • Control the causes of chronic renal failure (hypertension, diabetes, etc.).
  • Detect and treat infections that directly affect the urinary tract and all those that may secondarily affect the kidneys.
  • Perform strict medical monitoring in the case of suffering from frequent gout or colic (stones in the kidney).
  • Do not abuse analgesics and anti-inflammatory.
  • Avoid situations of risk that can lead to viral infections such as hepatitis and AIDS: hygienic measures (use single-use syringes) in the administration of injected substances, protection in risky sexual relations (use the condom), etc.
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle, with the practice of regular exercise and a balanced diet.